The Chinese Crisis from Within. ~Wen Ching, 1901

Chinese sources, from the period (in English)


Chinese sources, modern (in English)

Concise English-Chinese Dictionary. ~Shau Wing Chan, 1955

The Yi Ho Tuan Movement of 1900. ~Hong Guo modern history series writing group, 1976

Chinese Studies of the Boxer Movement (Chinese Studies in History, Spring-Summer 1987, Vol Xx, No 3-4). ~edited by David Buck, 1988

The Origins of the Boxer War: A Multinational Study. ~Lanxin Xiang, 2002

The History and Civilization of China (Translated by Zhang Jinquan et al.) ~Yingpin Zhang, 2003

Empress Dowager Cixi: The Concubine Who Launched Modern China. ~Jung Chang, 2014

Imperial Chinese flag
Peoples Republic of China

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